Most formal academic writings use the third person. The first and third person are points of view. They are the perspectives from which a piece of writing is told. Different tasks and types of writing use different points of view.
In academic writing, the author's role is to explain his argument in a dispassionate and objective manner. The author's personal opinion in these efforts is neither here nor there. In academic writing, you should never include the pronoun in the first person. This is because it will make you work from your perspective.
In essence, your work will look more personal or of your opinion. Some writers find that using the first, second, or third person point of view is a bit confusing when writing research papers. Since the second person is avoided when writing in academic or scientific articles, the main confusion remains in the first or third person. This is also one of the main functions of academic writing: to examine and explain the meaning of complex ideas as clearly as possible.
I will give three categories in which first-person academic writing is more effective than using the third person. Like specialized languages adopted in other professions, such as law or medicine, academic writing is designed to convey an agreed meaning about complex ideas or concepts to a group of academic experts. In this perspective, you can decide to be more objective or write in a way that represents the character's thinking and reaction. A challenge that writers face in academic writing is to maintain the trend of the pronouns they choose to use.
Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, the use of the third-person perspective rather than the first person (usually), a clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and the precise choice of words. The accepted form of academic writing in the social sciences can vary considerably depending on the methodological framework and the target audience. Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their specific disciplines and areas of expertise. Examples of other academic conventions to follow include appropriate use of headings and subtitles, correctly spelling acronyms when first used in text, avoiding jargon or colloquial language, avoiding emotional language or unsupported declarative statements, avoiding contractions, and using first person and second person pronouns only when necessary.
Often, in academic writing, scholars don't want to focus on who is taking an action, but on who is receiving or experiencing the consequences of that action. When you want to persuade the reader, it's best to avoid personal pronouns in academic writing, even when it comes to the personal opinion of the study authors. You can only give guesses about the other characters, but these should be based on the perspective of the main character. In academic writing, the author is expected to investigate the research problem from an authoritative point of view.
A useful approach to evaluating the quality of your academic writing is to consider the following issues from the reader's perspective. It's appropriate that you use specialized language within your field of study, but you should avoid using that language when writing for a non-academic or general audience.