Academic writing is generally quite formal, objective (impersonal) and technical. It is formal by avoiding casual or conversational language, such as contractions or informal vocabulary. Academic writing is clear, concise, focused, structured, and supported by evidence. Its purpose is to help the reader's understanding.
Finally, academic writing is more formal than everyday writing. It tends to use longer words and more complex sentences, while avoiding contractions and colloquial or informal words or expressions that might be common in spoken English. There are words and placements that are used in academic writing more frequently than in non-academic writing, and researchers have developed lists of these words and phrases to help students of academic English, such as the Academic Word List, the Academic Vocabulary List, and the Academic Placement List. Both types of academic writing (student and expert) are expected to meet the same standards, which can be difficult for students to master.
Academic style is more than just a writing convention; it can also help you think more logically and clearly as you work on an assignment. Given the relatively specialized nature of academic writing, it can seem overwhelming when you start. This page considers what academic writing is, analyzes in detail the main characteristics of academic writing and suggests ways to develop academic writing. Academic writing aims to be clear and precise, with a direct style that logically moves from one idea to the next.
Academic writing is writing that communicates ideas, information and research to the wider academic community. This page outlines some tips to help you incorporate four key features of academic style into your writing. Academic writing is arguably the most important skill in academic contexts, since writing is the main method of academic communication. Another way to familiarize yourself with these characteristics is to look for them in the academic texts you are reading in your studies.
You are expected to follow academic writing conventions when writing any type of academic essays, book reports, annotated bibliographies, research papers, research posters, laboratory reports, research proposals, theses or manuscripts for publication. There are many differences between this academic writing and other styles of language and writing, and research shows that experience surpasses the status of a native speaker when it comes to writing academic texts. To make it more precise, the writer could specify exactly which group of people he was referring to, what his preferences were, and the degree of strength of those preferences. Different disciplines have different conventions and jargon, but academic writing generally has a formal tone and style that is impartial and impersonal.
Whether your goal is to pass your degree, apply to graduate school, or develop an academic career, effective writing is an essential skill.