Other forms of academic writing, such as studies and journal articles, follow a similar format, but they also have other necessary elements. Most academic writing is formal and, in general, objective in tone, although in some fields, especially in the humanities and some social sciences, subjectivity is valued. Sometimes, academic writing is aimed at an audience outside your field, such as when you write a grant proposal that will be read by an interdisciplinary committee. The most common purpose in academic writing is to explain some idea or research finding and to persuade readers that their explanation or theory is correct.
Three of the most important factors affecting these responses (things on which it depends) are audience, purpose, and tone. Before you start writing any academic article, you should think about your audience, your purpose, and your tone. Most academic writing uses the third-person point of view, which has the pronouns she, he, he, they and they. Throughout the writing process, think about who your audience is, what is your purpose in writing and their purpose in reading, and what tone can help you achieve that purpose for that audience.