Academic writing Lennie Irvin 8 is always a form of assessment that asks you to demonstrate knowledge and demonstrate competence with certain disciplinary skills of thinking, interpreting and presenting. Writing the article is never “just the writing part”. We can't see our audience to assess how our communication is received or if there will be any kind of response. It's the same space that we share right now while you're reading this essay.
Novice writers often write as if they were muttering to themselves in a corner, with no sense of having their writing read by a reader or any sense of the context in which their communication will be received. What is the moral here? Developing a sense of “writer” about communication within the writing situation is the most important thing you should learn in first-year composition. Figure 1, below, which represents the writing situation, presents a wonderful picture describing all the complexities involved in the writing situation. Students are often hampered by myths they have embraced throughout their education about writing, especially academic writing.
All of the myths listed below result in problematic writing.
academic writing isalways a form of assessment that asks you to demonstrate knowledge and skill with certain disciplinary skills of thinking, interpretation, and presentation. To be successful in this type of writing, you must be fully aware of what the teacher expects you to do and achieve with that particular writing task. For a moment, let's explore more deeply the elements of the university's “literacy” writing task.
At school, research may have meant reviewing Google and Wikipedia. However, the university will require you to search and find more detailed information. You will need to know how to find information in the library, especially what is available in online databases that contain academic articles. Research is also a process, so you'll need to learn to focus and direct a research project and to keep track of your entire source of information.
Keep in mind that research represents a crucial component of most university writing tasks, and you'll need to spend a lot of time researching. To organize your research, you need to develop the skill of an experienced traveler who can drop into any city in the world and who can navigate your way. Each writing task asks you to navigate through a new terrain of information, so you need to develop ways to grasp the new topic in order and then use it in your writing. We've already seen the importance of reading and research for these literacy tasks, but after finding the information, you'll need to learn ways to classify and find meaningful patterns in this information.
The cognitive domain of learning is divided into six main levels of learning abilities, or stages of learning abilities, which are organized hierarchically, moving from the simplest functions, such as remembering and understanding, to more complex learning skills, such as applying and analyzing, to the most complex skills evaluate and create. Lower levels are simpler and more fundamental, and higher levels are more sophisticated. College assignments require you to work at higher levels. The following table outlines the six main skill sets within the cognitive domain.
You may remember how you studied in elementary school or high school, but the university will require you to do more with the information. Each university course will introduce you to new concepts, terms, processes and functions. Once you gain a firm grasp of the new information, it will be easier, perhaps later, to understand how or why something works. At the university, you will be evaluated or evaluated what you have learned in the previous levels.
You will be asked to solve problems in new situations by applying understanding in new ways. You may need to relate abstract ideas to practical situations. At this level, you'll have a clearer sense that you understand the content well. You'll be able to answer questions such as what if, why, or how something would work.
At this level, at university, you will be able to think critically, your understanding of a concept or discipline will be profound. You may need to present and defend opinions. It brings together all levels of learning to theorize, design and test new products, concepts or functions. The following video from the Center for Learning Success at Louisiana State University analyzes the learning levels of the Bloom taxonomy with respect to student success in college.
From Bloom's taxonomy of learning skills, it can be seen that thinking and thinking can be understood as patterns, systems, and schemes within the mind. There is order and structure in the way we think and in the way we process and internalize information. By observing patterns of thinking, we can also think about the power of thought. As a result of a lot of surprising and powerful research and discoveries, the scientific community is learning a lot about how plastic, malleable and constantly changing the brain is.
For example, the act of thinking, just thinking, can affect not only the way the brain works, but also its physical shape and structure. The following video explores some of these discoveries, which relate to all of the thoughts and thoughts involved in college success. Choosing and limiting a writing topic is something to consider when writing an article, as well as knowing what the characteristics of academic writing are. Sometimes the writing task may even explicitly say that an analysis should be written, but often this element of the task is not indicated.
In the article, Irvine states two important things about academic arguments, “the value of an organized presentation of your case” and the crucial element of solid evidence (page. Although it's different from a multiple-choice exam, academic writing also requires you to demonstrate your learning. Developing a sense of “writer” about communication within the writing situation is the most important thing you should learn in first-year composition. When reading any essay, keep a record of all the important points the writer makes by writing down a list of ideas or quotes in a notebook.
This list not only allows you to recall ideas that are fundamental to the writer's argument, ideas that impacted him in one way or another, but it also helps him to get a good idea of the entire reading task point by point. We have been deciphering the expectations of the academic writing assignment so far, and I want to move on now to examine the types of assignments you could receive. In fact, it wouldn't be unreasonable to say that, in a writing class, academic writing often begins with personal writing. Instead of simply bypassing this important passage, you've actually stopped to think about what the writer means and what she expects you to get out of it.
In an interview I conducted with Ashley Yuscavage, creative writing provides a place for “introspection,” which academic writing rarely includes. I freely admit my own past as a clueless first-year writer, and it is because of this sympathy, as well as twenty years of teaching college writing, that I hope to provide you with something useful.