Academic writing is clear, concise, focused, structured and supported by evidence. Its purpose is to help the reader understand. It has a formal tone and style, but it is not complex and does not require the use of long sentences and complicated vocabulary. Similarly, there are terms, values and rules that you should know, accept and use to actively participate in the conversations or speeches of the academic community.
Academic writing is the process of breaking down ideas and using deductive reasoning, formal voice, and third-person point of view. It's about what you think and the evidence that has contributed to that thinking.
academic writing or academicwriting is non-fiction produced as part of academic work, including reports on empirical fieldwork or research in facilities for the natural sciences or social sciences, monographs in which scholars analyze culture, propose new theories, or develop interpretations from archives, as well as undergraduate versions of all of them. The four main types of academic writing are descriptive, analytical, persuasive and critical.
Each of these types of writing has specific language characteristics and purposes.
academic writing iswriting that communicates ideas, information and research to the wider academic community. Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, the use of the third-person perspective rather than the first person (usually), a clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and the precise choice of words. As noted above, all research, evidence and arguments can be challenged, and it is important for the academic writer to show his stance on a particular topic, in other words, how strong his claims are.
You can develop your academic writing by paying attention to feedback from tutors or peers and looking for specific areas for improvement. It is not uncommon for scholars to use an unnecessarily complex syntax or a vocabulary that is too broad that is impenetrable or not well defined. In academic writing, the author is expected to investigate the research problem from an authoritative point of view. This writer could also have used a series of surprising or unusual questions, facts or figures, a definition of the subject, or a quote from an expert.
Informative, insightful and accessible, this book is designed to improve the ability of graduate and undergraduate students, as well as early-career scholars, to write for academic purposes. Specialized language or jargon is common and often necessary in academic writing, which generally addresses an audience of other scholars in related fields. The stylistic means of achieving these conventions may differ by academic discipline, a fact that helps explain the distinctive sounds of, for example, writing in history versus engineering or physics versus philosophy. Academic writing follows the same writing process as other types of texts, but it has specific conventions in terms of content, structure and style.
Remember, academic writing is the process of breaking down ideas using deductive reasoning, formal voice, and third-person point of view. There are words and placements that are used in academic writing more often than in non-academic writing, and researchers have developed lists of these words and phrases to help students of academic English, such as the Academic Word List, the Academic Vocabulary List, and the Academic Placement List. Fang describes the key genres of academic writing, the common rhetorical movements associated with each genre, the essential skills needed to write the genres and language resources, and the strategies that are functional and effective in carrying out these movements and skills. Points of view in academic writing may include an argument, recommendation, interpretation of findings, or evaluation of the work of others.
It takes time, effort, awareness, experience, reflection, resistance and support to master academic writing.